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  2. PCR實驗室裝修與PCR凈化實驗室設計整體計劃

    來源:http://www.wb-diamondtools.com/ 發布時間:2022-08-22
    手術室工程的規劃建設的合理性與正確性,可能會直接影響到工程的質量,也會影響到手術室的正常工作運行。下面跟著小編一起來了解下手術室建設工程中規劃布局與感控內容吧。
    The rationality and correctness of the planning and construction of the operating room project may directly affect the quality of the project and the normal operation of the operating room. Let's follow Xiaobian to understand the planning, layout and sensing content of the construction project of the operating room.
    手術室設計要求
    Operating room design requirements
    手術室是醫院中無菌建設要求嚴格的地方之一,手術室的建設、布局、工作流程和管理都是圍繞無菌要求設計的。
    The operating room is one of the places with strict aseptic construction requirements in the hospital. The construction, layout, workflow and management of the operating room are all designed around the aseptic requirements.
    (1)術室內醫療設備密集,有除手術床、無影燈外,麻醉機、監護、電刀及自體血回收機、手術顯微鏡、影像系統等是手術常用設備。包括各類軟硬內窺鏡下手術、導航設備、立體定位系統、手術機器人等微創手術輔助設備等,眾多設備擁擠在手術室內,對設備布局、安裝、配電及用電安全提出更高要求。
    (1) The medical equipment in the operation room is dense. In addition to the operating table and shadowless lamp, anesthesia machine, monitoring machine, electric knife and autologous blood recovery machine, operating microscope, image system and so on are common equipment for surgery. Including all kinds of soft and hard endoscopic surgery, navigation equipment, stereotactic positioning system, surgical robots and other minimally invasive surgery auxiliary equipment. Many equipment are crowded in the operating room, which puts forward higher requirements for equipment layout, installation, power distribution and power use safety.
    (2)在各家醫院分散建設的導管室、膀胱鏡室等,大部分是參照手術室要求建立起來的準手術室。尤其是開展介入治療的導管室,基本上是嚴格按照手術室的規范管理和使用。
    (2) Most of the catheterization rooms and cystoscopy rooms scattered in various hospitals are quasi operating rooms established with reference to the requirements of operating rooms. In particular, the catheter room for interventional treatment is basically managed and used in strict accordance with the specifications of the operating room.
    手術室規劃布局與感控
    Planning layout and sensing control of operating room
    手術室建設
    防止和降低手術感染是手術室建設基本的要求,感染控制的方法有:
    Prevention and reduction of surgical infection is the basic requirement of operating room construction. The methods of infection control include:
    (1)通過術前備皮和術中對非手術區域的無菌覆蓋,減少患者自身感染。
    (1) Through preoperative skin preparation and aseptic coverage of non-surgical areas during operation, the self infection of patients can be reduced.
    (2)對手術器具和物品的嚴格消毒或隔離,減少外源接觸感染。
    (2) Strictly disinfect or isolate surgical instruments and articles to reduce exogenous contact infection.
    (3)降低空氣中的灰塵和微生物粒子,減少懸浮污染物的擴散感染。
    (3) Reduce dust and microbial particles in the air, and reduce the spread and infection of suspended pollutants.
    (4)使用抗生素。這是一種補救措施,其靠藥物去控制已發生的感染。
    (4) Use antibiotics. This is a remedial measure, which relies on drugs to control the infection that has occurred.
    多種原因表明,提高手術室建設水平,嚴格無菌操作和管理,加強對整個手術過程的控制,切斷所有可能的污染途徑(包括空氣),阻止細菌接觸手術創口進入人體,這些方面非常的關鍵。更多注意事項就來我們網站http://www.wb-diamondtools.com咨詢吧。
    A variety of reasons show that improving the construction level of the operating room, strict aseptic operation and management, strengthening the control of the whole surgical process, cutting off all possible pollution routes (including air), and preventing bacteria from contacting the surgical wound and entering the human body are very critical. More precautions come to our website http://www.wb-diamondtools.com Let's consult.
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